The periodic table of elements is now welcoming two new elements to the table: livermorium and flerovium. The two new elements was announced on Thursday December 1st by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. The new names will go through five months of public commenting before the paperwork gets processed and shows up on the table.
Three new elements just finished the process, which fills up the number 110, 111, and 112 elements. All five of these elements are large and unstable so they can only be made in the lab. Not much is known about these elements since they are not stable enough to do experiments. They are called “super heavy” (Transuranium) elements.
The newly named elements will fill the 114 and 116 elements. The two elements were officially accepted to the periodic table back in June and they were synthesized over 10 years ago.
Elements 113, 115, 117, and 118 have all been synthesized at the Russia Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna, Russia. Livermorium and flerovium were also synthesized at the same lab in Russia. The Russian researchers have been working with American researchers at the Lawrence Livermore National Lab in California.
Flerovium (element 114) was previously known as ununquadium. It was renamed flerovium after Russian physicist Georgiy Flerov, whom founded the Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions.
Livermorium (element 116) was temporarily named ununhexium and almost ended up with the name moscovium in honor of Moscow where the research labs are located. The name livermorium was chosen in honor of the city of Livermore where the American researchers were based. Livermorium was first observed in 2000 when scientists mashed together calcium and curium.